Highlights and Publications

Politics of participatory wildlife management in Enduimet WMA, Tanzania

The popular perception of African wilderness as untouched beauty has been challenged over the years. Research within political ecology has revealed much of that view has been the result of Western ideology of nature imposed on the South and perpetuated by conservation policies (Neumann 1997; Robbins 2004b).

Tanzania‟s extensive network of national parks (NPs), game reserves and other protected areas (PAs) exist because of conservation strategies established during colonial era by the German and British regimes and continued later by international organizations (Mkumbukwa 2008; Neumann 2000; Neumann 1998). The creation and development of many of these protected areas resulted in the forced eviction of local people (Brockington & Igoe 2006; Chatty & Colchester 2002; Homewood & Randall 2008). Consequently, the government of Tanzania implemented buffer-zone areas and community-based conservation (CBC) programs to address the criticism that its conservation policies violated people‟s rights to access natural resources for food and livelihood sources (Leader-Williams et al. 1996). This has been part of the shift from fortress to community conservation that has taken place internationally.

Attachment: attachment 2009_maya_yulistiani_minwary

Source: http://www.umb.no/

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